After the reelection of Nicolás Maduro in 2018, an electoral process characterized by irregularities, lack of legitimacy and non-recognition at an international level, Venezuelans continued to face a deepening of the Complex Humanitarian Emergency. In January of 2019, National Assembly president Juan Guaidó assumed the presidency of the country on an interim basis, claiming that Maduro usurped power in the last elections.

The USA and other nations recognized Guaidó as Venezuela’s legitimate leader while Maduro denounces an alleged coup attempt. In February, Guaidó and Members of the Assemblea Nacional of Venezuela allied with Colombia and the USA formed the coalition Ayuda y Libertad to bring humanitarian aid to Venezuela.

The Bolivarian government announced hat the aid would not be allowed into the country, accusing the USA of having imperialist intentions. The tension increased when the aid arrived at warehouses in the borders with Colombia and Brazil. Guaidó urged the citizens to pressure the Venezuelan government.

On February 23, the turmoil reached its climax. Volunteers from Ayuda y Libertad together with protesters and 4 trucks carrying humanitarian aid tried to enter Venezuela via the Francisco de Paula Santander International Bridge, connecting Cúcuta in North Santander (Colombia) with Ureña in Táchira (Venezuela).